Prof. Dr. Regina Palkovits - Solid Molecular Catalysts

Vita

Diploma of Chemical EngineeringTechnical University Dortmund/ Germany (1998-2003)
PhD StudentMax-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Mülheim a.d. Ruhr/ Germany (2003-2006)
PostDocUtrecht University/ The Netherlands (2007)
Group LeaderMax-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Mülheim/ Germany (2008-2010)
Associate ProfessorNanostructured Catalysts, ITMC, RWTH Aachen University/ Germany (2010-2013)
Full ProfessorHeterogeneous Catalysis & Chemical Technology, ITMC, RWTH Aachen University/ Germany (since 2013)
Acting DirectorInstitute of Chemical Technology & Makromoleculare Chemistry (ITMC), RWTH Aachen University/ Germany (since 2015)
Max Planck FellowMPI CEC (since 2019)

Fellowships & Awards

  • 2019  Max Planck Fellow at the Max-Planck Institute of chemical Energy Conversion     
  • 2019  EFCATS Young Researcher Award
  • 2019  Exxon Mobil Science & Engineering Award
  • 2017  DECHEMA Award for outstanding scientific contributions, Dechema/Germany
  • 2015  FAMOS for family (award for family-friendliness of RWTH Aachen University
  • 2013  Max-Buchner Research Fellowship
  • 2011  Selected for the Capital-Project Young Elite “Four time forty below forty”
  • 2011  Award „100 Women of tomorrow“ of the initiative „Germany – Country of Ideas“
  • 2010  Innovation Award of North-Rhine-Westphalian Academy of Science/ Germany
  • 2010  Robert Bosch Junior Professorship of Robert Bosch Foundation/ Germany
  • 2010  Jochen-Block Award of the German Catalysis Society/ Germany
  • 2009  Award for “Comprehensible Science” of GKSS, Helmholtz Society/ Germany
  • 2008  „Fast-Track Fellowship” of Robert Bosch Foundation/ Germany
  • 2006  Hendrik Casimir – Karl Ziegler Research Award of Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science and North Rhine-Westphalia Academy of Science and Arts

Publications

Full publications list | ORCID: 0000-0002-4970-2957

Top 10 Publications

  1. C. Broicher, M. Klingenhof, M. Frisch, S. Dresp, N. M. Kubo, J. Artz, J. Radnik, S. Palkovits, A. K. Beine, P. Strasser, R. Palkovits, Catalysis Science & Technology 2021, doi: 10.1039/d1cy00905b.
  2. M. O. Haus, A. Meledin, S. Leiting, Y. Louven, N. C. Roubicek, S. Moos, C. Weidenthaler, T. E. Weirich, R. Palkovits, ACS Catalysis 202111, 5119-5134.
  3. C. Broicher, F. Zeng, N. Pfänder, M. Frisch, T. Bisswanger, J. Radnik, J. M. Stockmann, S. Palkovits, A. K. Beine, R. Palkovits, ChemCatChem 202012, 5378-5384.
  4. X. Wang, A. K. Beine, P. J. C. Hausoul, R. Palkovits, ChemSusChem 202013, 126-130.
  5. X. Wang, A. K. Beine, P. J. C. Hausoul, R. Palkovits, ChemCatChem 201911, 4123-4129.
  6. R. Palkovits, S. Palkovits, ACS Catalysis 20199, 8383-8387.
  7. A. K. Beine, C. Broicher, Q. Hu, L. Mayerl, T. Bisswanger, H. Hartmann, A. Besmehn, S. Palkovits, A.-H. Lu, R. Palkovits, Catalysis Science & Technology 20188, 6311-6315.
  8. A. K. Beine, A. J. D. Krüger, J. Artz, C. Weidenthaler, C. Glotzbach, P. J. C. Hausoul, R. Palkovits, Green Chemistry 201820, 1316-1322.
  9. P. J. C. Hausoul, A. K. Beine, L. Neghadar, R. Palkovits, Catalysis Science & Technology 20177, 56-63.
  10. I. Delidovich, P. J. C. Hausoul, R. Pfützenreuter, M. Rose, R. Palkovits, Chemical Reviews 2016116, 1540-1599.

Group members

Group leaders (Deputies)

Dr. Anna Katharina Beine (Guest)

PhD students

Lea Hombach (Guest)

Lab staff

Maximilian Conradt

Research Assistant

Jerome Hommes

Open positions

The group "Solid Molecular Catalysts" is always looking for new talented students. Feel free to contact Dr. Anna Katharina Beine for this purpose.
Inquiries should include a motivation letter as well as a CV and a grade summary. 

Specific projects for which we are currently looking for collaborators are listed below:

  • Zeolites as solid catalysts for bio-based tandem reactions (research work / bachelor thesis)
  • Hydroformylation of hexene with modified heteropolyacids (research work / bachelor thesis).
  • Investigation of the reaction network for the hydrogenolysis of 1,4-anhydroxylitol (research work / bachelor thesis)
  • Catalytic production of diformylxylose as fuel additive (research work / bachelor thesis)
  • Investigation of the electrochemical conversion of xylose and furfural (research work / master thesis)
  • Development of molecular Ni catalysts for the conversion of CO and H2 to formaldehyde (research work / master thesis)
  • Ru nanoparticles on nitrogen-containing carbons for the hydrogenolysis of xylitol (research work / master thesis)
  • SBA-15 functionalization for the immobilization of heteropolyacids as catalysts in biorefinery (master thesis)
  • Investigation of the continuous conversion of hemicellulose using heteropolyacid on carbon supports (master thesis with the option to continue as a PhD student)

Research - Solid Molecular Catalysts

With heterogeneous catalysis and materials development as our core competence, we address global challenges by developing sustainable chemical reactions and processes. Our research focuses on the development of materials for the chemical conversion of renewable energy and carbon sources. This includes, for example, electrochemical water splitting, but also the conversion of renewable raw materials such as biomass. We are particularly interested in understanding the mechanisms and compositions of the developed catalysts in order to further improve them or use them in other reactions. In this way, we are contributing to shaping a greener future.[1]

Our current research focuses are:

Hydroformylation in the liquid phase

Hydroformylation remains one of the largest homogeneously catalyzed reactions in industrial chemistry. Together with our project partners at MPI-CEC and Hamburg University, we are developing new homogeneous Co-based catalysts to successfully catalyze the reaction. In addition to the optimization of the process parameters, the immobilization of the catalysts on suitable heterogeneous support materials is being investigated.

Immobilized heteropolyacids as catalysts for the hydrolytic hydrogenation of hemicellulose to xylitol

In times of climate change and diminishing fossil resources, the transition to renewable raw materials such as lignocellulose is essential. In this project, the hydrolytic hydrogenation of hemicellulose to xylitol is investigated. Xylitol is both a widely used sugar substitute and an important platform chemical for biorefinery. In a tandem reaction, the polysaccharide is first depolymerized to xylose by acid-catalyzed hydrolysis, followed by metal-catalyzed hydrogenation to xylitol. In this context, Brønsted acidic heteropolyacids (HPAs) in combination with Ru/C were shown to be an efficient catalyst system. Although the HPAs exhibit excellent catalytic activity, their good solubility in water and various organic solvents makes their recycling difficult. To address this challenge, the immobilization of HPAs on heterogeneous supports is investigated. The solid acid catalysts prepared are characterized in depth and tested in the reaction. The construction of a suitable reactor is planned for the investigation of long-term stability.

 

Electrode development for electrochemical applications

The oxygen evolution at the anode of the electrochemical water splitting reaction has already been extensively studied in the group.[2-4] Advanced studies are planned for the future.

In addition, the electrochemical conversion of biobased molecules is in the focus of research. Here, conversions along the value chain of hemicellulose are to be investigated in particular in 200% cells. HPAs are used as catalysts, either as electrolytes or immobilized onto the conducting electrode.

 

New reaction pathways for biorefinery

In addition to the already known biorefinery conversions and products, other new reaction pathways are opening up, leading to products that can be used, for example, in the polymer industry, as solvents or fuel additives. Thus, starting from substrates such as xylose or 1,4-anhydroxylitol, access to difromylxylose[5], tetrahydrofuran or methyltetrahydrofuran and ethylene-glycol-glycerol-ether is made possible.

 

 

Conversion of H2, CO and CO2 to high value products

Formaldehyde is a bulk chemical and serves as substrate for the production of products such as polymers and paints. It is also an important substrate for the production of oxymethylene ethers, which can be used as sustainable fuels and fuel additives or as solvents. The main focus of our research is the conversion of CO and later CO2 with H2 to formaldehyde. The reaction shall be realized in aqueous solution with the help of solid molecular catalysts. Intelligent catalyst design and a profound understanding of the reaction will allow the development of new reaction pathways.

References

[1] A. K. Beine, ChemCatChem 202113, 532-533.
[2]A. K. Beine, C. Broicher, Q. Hu, L. Mayerl, T. Bisswanger, H. Hartmann, A. Besmehn, S. Palkovits, A.-H. Lu, R. Palkovits, Catalysis Science & Technology 20188, 6311-6315.
[3]C. Broicher, F. Zeng, N. Pfänder, M. Frisch, T. Bisswanger, J. Radnik, J. M. Stockmann, S. Palkovits, A. K. Beine, R. Palkovits, ChemCatChem 202012, 5378-5384.
[4]C. Broicher, M. Klingenhof, M. Frisch, S. Dresp, N. M. Kubo, J. Artz, J. Radnik, S. Palkovits, A. K. Beine, P. Strasser, R. Palkovits, Catalysis Science & Technology 2021, doi: 10.1039/d1cy00905b.
[5]A. O. Komarova, G. R. Dick, J. S. Luterbacher, Green Chemistry 202123, 4790-4799.
[6]A. M. Bahmanpour, A. Hoadley, A. Tanksale, Green Chemistry 201517, 3500-3507.